Clinical chemistry Theory Paper

Q1 The following anticoagulant is used for collecting blood for glucose analysis:-

a) Citrate



d Fluoride


Q2 Which of the following is a cause for hemolysis in blood specimen:-

a) Hyperlipidemia

b) Polyuria

c) Wet blood containers


c) Use of plain tubes in collecting blood specimen

Q3 Icteric specimen refers to:-

a) Elevated glucose in a specimen

b) Elevated urea in a specimen

v) Elevated bilirubin in a specimen

d) Elevated hemoglobin in a specimen


Q4 Which of the following is NOT a liver function test:-

a) CPK

b) ALT

c) AST

d) ALP


Q5 Glucagon hormone is produced by:-

a) Heart

b) Lungs

c) Liver

d) Pancreas


Q6 Ion-selective electrodes estimates:-

a) Sodium

b) Urea

c) creatinine

d) uric acid


Q7 Hematuria refers to the presence of:-

a) Creatinine in urine

b) Stool in urine

c) Urine in stool

d) Blood in urine


Q8 The smallest part of an element which takes part in a chemical reaction is:-

a) Molecule

b) Anion

c) Cation

d) Atom


Q 9 Which of the following is the most precious specimen in the laboratory:

a) Stool

b) Tears

c) Blood

d) Cerebral spinal fluid


Q 10 Production of large volumes of urine is described as:-

a) Anuria

b) Polyuria

c) Oliguria

d) Aciduria


Q 11 Analytical precision and accuracy is tested by the use of :

a) Standard solution

b) Blank solution

c) Reference solution

d) Control solution


Q 12 Ketone  bodies are likely to be found in the urine of a patient :

a) Hepatitis

b) Acute renal failure

c) Diabetes mellitus

d) Virilism


Q 13 A sample blank is used in the analysis of  :

a) Creatinine

b) Sodium

c) Phosphorus

d) Bilirubin


Q 14 A specimen with a lot of fats can be referred to as :

a) Icteric

b) Hemolyzed

c) Lipaemic

d) Alkapuric


Q 15 Which of the following is a test for detecting Bence jones protein :

a) Flame photometry

b) ISE

c) Brandshaw

d) Jaffe’s reaction test


Q16 Which of the following are liver cells?

a) Nephron

b) Hepatocytes

c) Livercyte


Q17 Which of the following is NOT a unit of measurement of blood urea nitrogen?

a) mmol/L

b) mg/dl

c) mg%

d) pmol/L


Q18 Haemolysed serum sample affects potassium levels by:

a) Reducing the concentration

b) Standardizing the values

c) Elevating concentration

d) Minimizing the values


Q19 Which of the following is the most critical step in OGTT procedure:-

a) Fasting blood glucose report

b) Amount of blood

c) Urine volume

d) Bleeding tools


Q 20 Which of the following is used to measure the exact volume of a liquid:

a) Pasteur pipette

b) Graduated pipette

e) Volumetric pipette

d) Conical flask