A marker is a substance that when produced or found on something can indicate certain conditions or circumstances. Tumor markers act like beacons of flagging the existence and development of cancer in the bodies of human beings or animals.
Tumor markers could be common molecules in the body … Continue reading
Complement pathway is a cascade of biochemical reaction which involve cleavage and attachment of fragments that together result in activation of the membrane attack complex (MAC). The complement system, therefore, consists of three complement pathways each of which requires different protein … Continue reading
The stem cells in the bone marrow differentiate into immune compliment lymphocytes in the primary or central lymphoid organs and then later move into the secondary lymphoid organs. This organization is important for complete interaction between T and B cells with macrophages in the induction of an … Continue reading
Humoral immunity is derived from the Latin word ‘humor’ meaning fluid. It is a type of immune response that is initiated by the antibodies. It involves a class of lymphocytes called the B cells which mature in the bone marrow in humans and in the Bursa Fabricius in the birds. These cells are … Continue reading
Hematopoiesis refers to the process of production or formation of the cellular components of blood which include the white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. The hematopoietic system, therefore, refers to the tissues responsible for the production of cellular components of blood.
A … Continue reading